Internal Publication

Assessment of socio-economic determinants and impacts of climate-smart feeding practices in the Kenyan dairy sector

The Kenyan dairy sector has economic potential to improve the welfare of rural house
holds. However, the availability of feed resources, an essential input in dairy production,
remains a significant constraint and is exacerbated by the effects of climate change. Using
a sample of 665 dairy farmers from selected counties, this study assessed the determinants
and impact of adoption of climate-smart feeding practices on milk productivity and output,
dairy milk commercialization, and dairy and household income. The multinomial endog
enous switching regression was used to account for self-selection bias from observable and
non-observable factors. The study identified human and social capital, resource endow
ment, dairy feeding systems, the source of information about feeding practices, and per
ceived characteristics of these practices as factors that influenced the likelihood of adopting
climate-smart feeding practices. The uptake of climate-smart fodder and feed concentrates
together significantly increased milk productivity and output and dairy income. The uptake
of climate-smart feed concentrates singly also increased dairy milk commercialization and
household income. To facilitate the uptake of climate-smart feeding practices, pluralis
tic extension systems should be strengthened, practices made available, knowledge about
climate change enhanced, and practice-oriented learning adopted. Further, the adoption
of both climate-smart fodder and feed concentrates should be emphasized for improved
household welfare.

Uploaded by: Mercy Mburu
Author: Mburu, Mercy | ORCID:
Co-author: John Mburu
Co-author: Rose Nyikal
Co-author: Amin Mugera
Co-author: Asaah Ndambi
Institution: University of Nairobi | Centre: Sustainable Operations for Resource Management and Food Supply (SCO)
Type: Journal article | English | Peer Reviewed
Subjects: Agriculture, Climate and Environment

Published: Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change | Vol 29, issue 32 | Springer Nature
Date: March 2024
Copyright: Springer Nature | License: Springer Nature