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Climate strategies and their financing: a comparative analysis of the African Union climate strategy and the European Green Deal

Introduction: Although Africa is responsible for only 3% of global greenhouse gas emissions since the industrial revolution (Ritchie 2019) and represents not more than 6% of the global energy demand (Pichon 2022, p. 6), the continent is one of the most vulnerable to the consequences of climate change worldwide (cf. Figure 1). CO2-emissions as a cause and the impact of climate change on the continent's population are out of balance, because on the other hand Europe's emissions are eleven times higher than Africa's (Ritchie 2019). Therefore, Europe is responsible for a third of the global emissions, but the vulnerability of the continent itself, compared to Africa, is very small (cf. Figure 1). “Despite common commitments, several observers note discrepancies between the EU and African approaches” (Pichon 2022, p. 10) in the fight against climate change. This paper deals with the mentioned differences between the strategies and compares the AU Climate Change and Resilient Development Strategy and Action Plan (2022-2032) with the European Green Deal of the EU, guided by the question: What strategies are the AU and EU pursuing in the fight against climate change and how are they financed? Climate protection is a major global challenge that requires a high volume of investment, which is why this paper deals not only with the climate protectionstrategies of the AU and EU but also how these are financed.

Uploaded by: Mary Harutyunyan
Author: Brucker, Katharina
Co-author: Ebinger, Madeleine
Co-author: Hamm, Philipp
Co-author: Villani, Daniela
Co-author: Widmaier, Tim
Institution: University of Applied Sciences Kehl | Centre: DIGI-FACE
Type: Working paper | English
Subjects: Climate and Environment, Development

Date: June 28, 2024 | Pages: [24]
Copyright: The Authors | License: Open Access
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