The effect of an intervention using GIS-generated geo-spatial data on the promotion of spatial cognition and spatial perspective taking in grade 11 learners
A question asked at the first national conference on the educational applications of geographical information systems (GIS) in Washington 1994, namely what learning does GIS allow that other ways do not and whether teaching GIS at school level is worth the time and effort required to implement it, remains largely unanswered. Literature searches suggest that little has been done to investigate the effectiveness of GIS in education since this question was raised. In investigating what learning using GIS allows that other ways do not, this study tested whether using GIS as a teaching and learning strategy enabled the promotion of learners spatial cognition and spatial perspective taking abilities better than traditional methods such as using atlases, rulers and calculators do. Four secondary Geography teachers in four Port Elizabeth schools volunteered to take part in the experimental aspects of this study. Empirical data on the development of spatial cognition and spatial perspective taking were generated via their grade 11 Geography learners. Experimental and comparison groups of learners wrote three different types of pre- and post-tests where the experimental groups worked on GIS software with geo-spatial data while the comparison groups used traditional methods. The empirical data generated by the learners revealed that GIS software and geo-spatial data do statistically significantly promote better spatial cognition and spatial perspective taking than traditional methods do.
Keywords: geographical information systems; geo-spatial data; GIS education; Geography; spatial cognition; spatial perspective taking
Author: Webb, Paul | ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4118-8973
Co-author: Britz, H. W.
Institution: Nelson Mandela University | Centre: East and South African-German Centre for Educational Research, Methodologies and Management (CERM-ESA)
Type: Journal article | English | Peer Reviewed
Published: South African Geographical Journal | vol. 98, no. 1 | Abingdon, Oxon U.K.: Taylor & Francis Group, ISSN 0373-6245 (Print), ISSN 2151-2418 (Electronic)
Date: 2016 | Pages: 182-193
Copyright: Society of South African Geographers | License: All rights reserved. Contact the author at firstname.lastname@example.org to request a copy